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September 2021 Newsletter: Dementia – Written By Dr. Jerry J. Masarira, Naturopath D. CBIS.

Dementia is one of the most prevalent brain problems of the 21century. There are many brain disorders that are named dementia when there are not. This year 2021 there are over 50 million in the world living with dementia. This number is projected to double every 20 years. The risk of getting dementia increases as one gets older. 

             What is dementia? Etymologically, the term dementia, is Latin derived, when “de” (is to depart) and “mens” (means, mind). This is when the mind is departing from its normal functions. 

              This is not a disease but a neurological and psychiatric syndrome that covers a broad spectrum of diseases and conditions. 

Dementia has symptoms that indicate a decline in mental ability. The symptoms must be longer that six months and not have been present since birth. Dementia or senility are not caused by aging as such, but by some brain diseases. There is a gradual loss of cognitive abilities.  

                 For one to be classified as having dementia, must have two of the following five core mental functions significantly affected: 

  1. Communication and language. 
    1. Visual perception. 
    1. Reasoning and judgement. 
    1.  Ability to focus and pay attention. 
    1. Memory.  

The myths about dementia that need to be understood are as follows: 

     1. Demetia is a natural part of aging. 

     2. That only old people get dementia.  

     3. That Alzheimer’s disease and dementia are the same. (Dementia is a broad, umbrella term covering various types of diseases and conditions. Alzheimer’s disease is A TYPE, of Dementia) 

     4. That people with Dementia do not know what they want and do not understand what is going on around them. 

     5. That memory loss is equivalent to Dementia. 

     6. Or, if there is no memory loss there is no Dementia. 

     7. A person diagnosed with Dementia is mentally incompetent. (Not necessarily) 

     8. Dementia causes aggression and violence. 

     9. People with Dementia become like children. 

In 1901 a 50 year old woman was the first identified case of Alzheimer’s disease. It was named after her treating physician, the German psychiatrist Alois Alzheimer. He made a public report of her condition in 1906 after his patient passed.  

             There are different classes of Dementia: 

  1. Cortical and subcortical Dementia.  

     (cortical is when the brain’s gray matter, cortex, is affected) 

     (Subcortical affects the brain’s white matter, or beneath the cortex) 

    2. Primary and secondary Dementia. 

       (Seconday means dementia is the result of another illness, disease, trauma or injury)  

        (Example of primary cause is, Alzheimers) 

The purpose of identifying secondary and primary causes is important for treatment and prognosis. 

    3. Reversible and Irreversible Dementia. 

       (Reversible, responds to treatments’ and irreversible does not respond to treatment and is progressive) 

       We have a website for you to communicate for consultations and also training you as a medical missionary. There are other services you may find useful. On the website We recorded over 100 audio weekly lessons and old monthly news-letters you might have missed from the past. Feel free to read and listen. Pass the website link to as many people as you want across the globe. 

www.enprohealthinstitute.com 

If you have any questions, please contact me at: 

[email protected] 

Dr. Jerry J. Masarira, Naturopath D. CBIS.

Enpro Consultant and Certified Brain Injury Specialist.

Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA.

Alt. [email protected]

Jerry J. Masarira

[email protected]

health

Parliament should enact a broader Sexual Harassment Act – NewsDay

Letters to the editor

ON May 4, 2022, the Women’s Academy for Leadership and Political Excellence (Walpa) submitted a petition to Parliament lobbying for the enactment of a broader stand-alone Sexual Harassment Act.

This came after government introduced a sexual harassment policy for the workplace, which is, however, silent on sexual harassment in public spheres and other facets of society.

The current policy on sexual harassment introduced by government is meant to ensure a conducive public service workplace environment free from sexual harassment, exploitation and abuse.

It was brought about with the intention of protecting the dignity of workers in the public service and provide maximum work productivity and effective service delivery.

The current policy is underpinned by the following principles:

  • To combat sexual harassment in the public service;
  • To provide a safe working environment that is free from sexual harassment;
  • To support diversity and inclusive work practices;
  • To put in place mechanisms for redress in cases of sexual harassment in the public service; and
  • To inform all members that if allegations of sexual harassment are levelled and substantiated against them, they are liable for such actions.

Walpe welcomes government’s zero tolerance to sexual harassment in the workplace and in the same vein appeals to Parliament to consider putting in place a broader act that protects women and girls from harassment occurring both in public and private spaces.

Walpe’s petition appeals to Parliament to:

  • Enact an all-inclusive and stand-alone sexual harassment Act that deals with cases of sexual harassment that take place in both private and public spheres, including at the workplace, schools, tertiary institutions, in politics, in queues, water points, public transport ranks, vending sites etc.
  • Put in place a clear and broader definition of sexual harassment and clear punitive measures for perpetrators of both light and grave offences including imprisonment of perpetrators.
  • Make sure the Act has a clause which bars perpetrators of sexual harassment in political parties from ever occupying public
    office.
  • Make it mandatory for political parties to adopt the Sexual Harassment Act once made into law and ensure all their political party members are made aware of it and the consequences of violating it to ensure the protection of women political activists across the country.
  • The petition also calls for clear and concise regulations that protect women candidates throughout the electoral cycle as they are sexually harassed to demotivate and deter them from occupying leadership positions.Walpe

Treasury must implement IMF recommendations

THE International Monetary Fund (IMF) board has often made recommendations to the Zimbabwean authorities if the country is to extricate itself out of the mess it finds itself in.

Government should implement the necessary reforms to foster higher, more inclusive growth and pave the way for re-engagement with the international community.

More government revenue should be generated from domestic sources, particularly through broadening the tax base and improving tax administration and compliance.

Reforms of State-owned enterprises should be accelerated.

Fiscal controls should be enhanced in order to limit fiscal risks, i.e, government overspending.

Government should use its IMF special drawing rights allocation prudently and transparently.

It should also make further efforts to enhance debt management and transparency.

There should be further monetary tightening, given persistently high inflation.

The operational independence of the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe should be enhanced, at the same time, the central bank should discontinue its quasi-fiscal operations.

There should be greater exchange rate flexibility, with a more transparent and market-driven process for determining the rate of exchange between the Zimbabwe dollar and foreign currencies.

Exchange restrictions and multiple currency practices should be phased out as soon as conditions permit.

While the recommendations are undoubtedly sound, they mean that Zimbabwe will have to go back to austerity and more liberalisation of the economy.

This will be difficult for the authorities to implement, bearing in mind that Zimbabwe is just over a year away from the 2023 general elections and that a bad harvest is expected this year.

As we move towards elections, government is likely to pursue populist policies — increasing money supply, protecting its voters from food insecurity and building more infrastructure — rather than embracing the austerity and fiscal prudence on which our long-term economic health depends.Veritas

Police should stop brutalising citizens

THE Zimbabwe Republic Police (ZRP) has paid more than $140 000 as compensation to a Harare woman who was tear-gassed by some law enforcement agents three years ago.

Fifty-eight-year old Mavis Muzari was left nursing injuries and hospitalised at Parirenyatwa Group of Hospitals after slipshod ZRP officers indiscriminately threw a teargas canister inside a commuter omnibus which landed on her lap.

As a result of the negligent police conduct, Muzari was left bleeding from her nose, suffered high blood pressure, sustained serious injury to her foot, including some bruises and felt pain all over her body.

This compelled her to sue Police Commissioner-General Godwin Matanga and Home Affairs and Cultural Heritage minister Kazembe Kazembe for damages amounting to
$142 170 for violation of her fundamental rights including loss of income, pain and suffering, embarrassment, humiliation and future medical expenses.

Since 2019, ZRP and Kazembe had vacillated to compensate Muzari and in 2021, she filed an application at the High Court seeking to compel Kazembe and Matanga to comply with the Harare Magistrate Court’s ruling to pay her $142 170.

Matanga and Kazembe only responded positively after a contempt of court judgment hung over theirs heads.

What a shame that the two had to be forced twice to act.

Muzari is the latest person among dozens of people who in recent years have won compensation from the ZRP after suing for damages arising from the violation of their rights as a result of the wayward and overzealous conduct of some police officers in the execution of their law enforcement duties.

Why are the police brutalising innocent and defenceless citizens in the first place?Rights Lawyers

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health

'Zanu PF uses State funds to buy votes' – NewsDay

BY MIRIAM MANGWAYA
LEGAL think-tank, Veritas says the Zanu PF government is likely to ignore recommendations by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to resuscitate the economy in favour of “populist” policies that will assist the ruling party to garner support ahead of the 2023 general elections.

In its executive board report on the 2022 Article IV consultation with Zimbabwe, IMF recommended that government should implement the necessary reforms to foster inclusive economic growth and pave way for re-engagement with the international community.

The IMF also recommended that the operational independence of the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe should be enhanced, urging the central bank to discontinue with its quasi-fiscal operations that are bleeding the economy.

The Breton Woods institution also pointed out that the country should promote exchange rate flexibility, with a more transparent and market-driven process for determining the rate of exchange between the Zimbabwe dollar and foreign currencies.

Government was also urged to phase out multiple currency use “as soon as conditions permit”.

In its latest Bill Watch publication, Veritas said the recommendations required government to introduce more austerity measures, a situation which would, however, not be favourable for Zanu PF to win the 2023 elections.

“While the recommendations are undoubtedly sound, they mean that Zimbabwe will have to go back to austerity and more liberalisation of the economy,” Veritas said.

“This will be difficult for the authorities to implement, bearing in mind that Zimbabwe is just over a year away from the 2023 general elections and that a bad harvest is expected this year.  As we move towards elections, the government is likely to pursue populist policies — increasing money supply, protecting its voters from food insecurity and building more infrastructure — rather than embracing the austerity and fiscal prudence on which our long-term economic health depends,” Veritas added.

In past elections, the Zanu PF government has implemented populist measures to win elections, including cancelling debts for those owing local authorities. This plunged most local authorities into financial doldrums. Last week, government said it would review chiefs’ allowances and allocate them fuel among other benefits, a move described by analysts as a ploy to buy their loyalty ahead of the 2023 elections. Zanu PF secretary for administration Obert Mpofu said he was busy when reached for comment, while the party director of information Tafadzwa Mugwadi was not picking up calls.

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USAid boosts Chiredzi farmers – NewsDay

BY OBERT SIAMILANDU
FARMERS in Chiredzi, Masvingo province are set to benefit from a farmer-to-farmer programme supported by USAid Zimbabwe in partnership with Cultivating New Frontiers in Agriculture (CNFA).

The programme will train communities, co-operatives, agribusinesses and educational institutions to grow crops that have the potential of improving their lives and enhance food security in the semi-arid district vulnerable to the vagaries of climate change.

CNFA farmer-to-farmer volunteer, Brent van Dyke last week spent 12 days at Nyangambe Irrigation Scheme training 45 small-holder farmers in crop water demands, irrigation scheduling and general water management.

“Because of increased drought conditions in Zimbabwe, many small-holder farmers are struggling with providing for their families,” van Dyke told Southern Eye.

“My assignment with the CNFA Farmer-to-Farmer (F2F) programme focuses on the Nyangambe Irrigation Scheme, and involves an on-site assessment of local natural resources, including the availability of future irrigation water and recommending best practices for improving water management in the scheme,” he added.

CNFA country director Godfrey Nehanda said F2F programmes brought volunteers from the US to teach local farmers.

“We have done training in marketing, value addition, livestock health and nutrition, agronomic practices and government institutional training. F2F is targeting smallholder farmers in Bikita, Chiredzi and Chipinge districts. Special attention is being given to members of irrigation schemes,” Cryton Zazu, the USAid Resilience ANCHORS project director said. Other USAid funded projects in Chiredzi include FARM, Amalima Loko and Takunda.

  • Follow Obert on Twitter @osiamilandu

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