more Quotes
Connect with us

gospel

January is the anniversary of the deaths of four of Africa’s jazz legends – Mail and Guardian

It’s almost as if there’s a dark cloud hovering over the month of January. It’s the month for fresh starts but, in the jazz world, Africa has lost some of its best musicians. Each of these legends played a role in shaping the sound of African music and captured their countries’ political struggles.

Bra Hugh Masekela:  4 April 1939 – 23 January 2018

Hugh Masekela gets real about knowing your roots
Hugh Masekela gets real about knowing your roots

Hugh Masekela played the trumpet in the Jazz Epistles in the late 1950s. Its other members were pianist Abdullah Ibrahim (at that time he was called Dollar Brand), saxophonist Kippie Moeketsi, trombonist Jonas Gwangwa, drummers Early Mabuza and Makaya Ntshoko, and Johnny Gertze on bass.

In their twenties at the time, the group composed music that was entrenched in the traditions, customs and cultures of the indigenous people of South Africa. 

“Our tireless energy, complex arrangements, tight ensemble play, languid slow ballads, and heart-melting, hymn-like dirges won us a following and soon we were breaking all attendance records in Cape Town,” writes Masekela in his 2004 biography, Still Grazing: The Musical Journey of Hugh Masekela.  

They gained popularity from performing at the Odin Theatre, built in about 1945 in Sophiatown, and published their first and only album, Jazz Epistle Verse 1, recorded in 1960, before going into exile. 

And at just 21 years old, Masekela’s solo music career began when he sought refuge in New York, where he would spend 30 years of his life. He enrolled at the Manhattan School of Music and he submerged himself in the city’s jazz landscape. It was there that Masekela saw performances by trumpeter Miles Davis, saxophonist John Coltrane, pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, bass player Charlie Mingus and drummer Max Roach. 

It was under the guidance of jazz trumpeter and educator Dizzy Gillespie, alongside trumpeter and vocalist Louis Armstrong, that Masekela was motivated to create an individualistic sound that was inspired by Africa. Still in school, he released his debut album in 1963 titled, Trumpet Africaine:The New Beat From South Africa, marking the starting point of what would later be an exceptional career.  

Masekela moved to Los Angeles in the late 1960s where he would later perform alongside the likes of singers Janis Joplin and Otis Redding and Indian classical composer Ravi Shankar at the Monterey Pop Festival. It was his 1974 political hit song, Stimela, on his album titled I Am Not Afraid, that became one of his biggest defining moments. 

Stimela, written in 1972, is about workers travelling by train to the mines during apartheid.

Singer, actor and producer Kabomo Vilakazi said: “What makes Stimela so incredible rhythmically — even if you take out the core base line at the beginning and you don’t understand isiZulu — is that you can feel the strength of a train and what it takes to make it move. Just through the rhythm of the song you can actually feel how he [Masekela] emulates the rhythm of a train through the song,” says Vilkazi. 

Oliver Mtukudzi:  22 September 1952 – 23 January 2019

One year after Masekela’s death, the legendary Oliver Mtukudzi died. With his guitar in hand, the Zimbabwean born musician, called “Tuku”, used his music to reflect on life. He will also always be known for his contribution to bringing about awareness of HIV and Aids at a time when the illness was stigmatised and little was known about it. In songs like Todi and Tapera, Mtukudzi, who was open about his HIV positive status, expressed the devastation caused by the disease in Africa.  

Speaking about Todii, which was released in 1999, Kabomo says that musicians in the past had a sense of responsibility to inform and enlighten their audience about social, political and other issues. 

“There’s a very thin line between creating music that is part entertainment and part educational. It can become preachy and at a concert people don’t come to hear that. But the brilliance of those songs, at the time in which they were written, people were afraid of just mentioning HIV/Aids in a public space, but for him to metaphorically be able to speak about it and be entertaining was very important. And it was part of what made HIV education more accessible to younger audiences,” Kabomo says.     

Jonas Gwangwa: 19 October 1937 – 23 January 2021

Rich legacy: Trombonist, composer and cultural activist Jonas Gwangwa embodied the people’s struggle. Photo: Veli Nhlapo/Sowetan/Gallo Images

As if 2018 and 2019 didn’t steal enough from us, 2021 left the country shattered after Jonas Gwangwa and Sibongile Khumalo died within days of each other. Singer, songwriter and producer Gwangwa entered the jazz landscape in the 1950s, playing trombone for the Jazz Epistles alongside Masekela. Born in Orlando East, Soweto, his contribution to jazz spanned more than 30 years aiding the shifts in the South African jazz scene.

Like Masekela, Gwangwa was an anti-apartheid advocate when he went into exile in 1961 when touring with the musical production of King Kong in the United States. In 1980, he returned to Africa and remained in exile in Botswana. There he formed the Amandla Cultural Ensemble, which toured the world, visiting about 60 countries, mobilising the international community against apartheid.   

In the film South African Blues, Gwangwa speaks of the devastation that exile shares. “My family is strewn all over the place. My wife is in the United States because she couldn’t work here. And she’s applied for asylum there. My children are in Holland because I can’t take them to the United States. We haven’t been able to acquire visas for them. So I am just roaming. I don’t have a country as it is.” 

Taken off his album, A Temporary Inconvenience, which was released in 2000, Ulibambe Lingashoni (which means don’t let the sun go down) demonstrates his skill in playing the trombone as well as his powerful vocal ability. 

Ulibambe Lingashoni reflects on his own journey enduring exile in the 1970s and his work in leading the Amandla Cultural Ensemble.   

Gwangwa was nominated for a Grammy along with George Fenton for the Best Song Written For Visual Media at the 31st Grammy Awards for their score in the 1987 film, Cry Freedom.  

Sibongile Khumalo 24 September 1957 –  28 January 2021

Sibongile Khumalo approached jazz with the martial-style discipline inherent in the study of art song, says writer and musician Nomfundo Xaluva. (Photo: Siphiwe Mhlambi)

Like Gwangwa, Sibongile Khumalo was born and grew up in Soweto. She died on 28 January, five days after Gwangwa. Her vocal versatility defined her career as a classical jazz, opera and gospel singer. 

At the age of 14, Khumalo knew her passion was music, and desired to become an opera singer. Her father had discouraged her because he knew she would have to move overseas to study, because there were no opportunities for black people in South Africa during apartheid. 

She completed a Bachelor of Arts in music at the University of Zululand and her honours at the University of Witwatersrand.

In 1993, Khumalo won the Standard Bank Young Artist Award for Music, four South African Music Awards for her contributions to jazz and three First National Bank Vita Awards for her work in opera and concerts.  

Kabomo, recalling his fondest memories of Khumalo, said that beyond her exceptional vocal range, ability and flexibility, she believed in empowering young artists.    

“Mama Sibongile was someone I knew personally. I considered her a mother and friend. I had an opportunity to work with her and more than her music Mama Sibongile’s legacy was how she made it her responsibility to take care of young artists. She really raised black artists. She encouraged us, brought us into her home, studio sessions, shows and that was something I respected about her,” Vilakazi says. 

In an interview with Jazz at Lincoln Centre’s Jazz Academy in 2019, Khumalo spoke about her versatility in blending jazz with opera, something she was known for globally.  

“When I was doing jazz shows I’d be singing a song. There was this need to do something vocally and it just happened in the music. It would happen in the same song from one phrase to the next and suddenly there’s a switch. It’s a very strange thing. 

“It was only when journalists and people generally were asking how do you switch from one genre to the other [that] I started paying attention and noticing because I needed to be aware technically what I was doing in order to note damage the instrument,” she said Khumalo.

Continue Reading
Click to comment

You must be logged in to post a comment Login

Leave a Reply

gospel

CBC showcases Black voices, stories and experiences in honour of Black History Month – CBC.ca

Being Black in Canada Graphic

CBC is celebrating BLACK HISTORY MONTH throughout February with a wide range of programming across its platforms featuring Black creators, storytellers and changemakers.

Highlights of CBC’s Black History Month programming include the following:

CBC British Columbia

CBC British Columbia limited series Revelations.

REVELATIONS 
Every Saturday in February

Starting February 4, CBC Vancouver is proud to feature Revelations, a limited series for Black History Month. Every Saturday in February, tune in at 5 p.m. to CBC Radio One or CBC Listen in British Columbia and listen to prominent Black voices from Vancouver hosting music specials that cover a variety of genres, from gospel to hip-hop to Afrofuturism.

Revelations will be hosted by Dawn Pemberton (Feb 4), Marcus Mosely (Feb 11), Krystie Dos Santos (Feb 18) and Khair Wendell McClelland (Feb 25).

CBC News

CBC websiteBEING BLACK IN CANADA highlights the stories and experiences of Black Canadians year-round, providing a wide range of content celebrating the culture and achievements of Canada’s Black communities while also offering a window into their struggles.

Black man and woman in a purple and beige faces with the word Black in red and the word changemakers in orange - with the black CBC logo underneath. (Poster for the CBC Black Changemakers series)

BEING BLACK IN CANADA – BLACK CHANGEMAKERS 2023 
Launching February 1

Black Changemakers is a Quebec and Atlantic Canada editorial series that recognizes individuals who are creating positive change in their community through actions big and small. From creators and community organizers to students and entrepreneurs, the series highlights current-day changemakers, helping shape our future and inspiring others. Meet the Black Changemakers:  cbc.ca/beingblackincanada

BEING BLACK IN CANADA: FRIENDS & ALLIES 
Available throughout the month of February at cbc.ca/beingblackincanada
Being Black in Canada presents a special four-part series about Black Canadians and their trusted allies, offering inspirational intersectional stories which showcase allyship in action. 

An interview will air every Wednesday in February on CBC News Network’s CANADA TONIGHT and all four interviews as a half-hour special on CBC News Network and CBC Gem on Saturday, February 25 at 4:30 p.m. ET, 9:30 p.m. ET and 11:30 p.m. ET.

CBC TV and CBC Gem

Two black men, one with with a beard smiling, wearing a beige jacket and a knitted had talking on a bench. The second man also has a black beard and hair.
The Nature of Things features Secret Agents of the Underground Railroad as host Anthony Morgan, Saladin Allah and a team of archaeologists from the University of Buffalo unearth an emotional journey to freedom. The show airs February 3 on CBC TV and CBC Gem. (Courtesy of Attraction / CBC)

THE NATURE OF THINGS: SECRET AGENTS OF THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD
Friday, February 3 at 9 pm (9:30 NT) on CBC TV and
CBC Gem
SECRET AGENTS OF THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD is a revealing, scientific exploration of how a Niagara Falls hotel, The Cataract House, became the focal point for a 19th century North American Black Resistance movement. Using strategic scientifically focused investigations, we follow host Anthony Morgan and a team of archaeologists from the University of Buffalo on an emotional journey as they recover parts of the hotel’s foundation. The archaeological dig unearths stories about how the hotel’s head waiter, John Morrison, and his seemingly innocuous wait staff covertly orchestrated Freedom Seekers’ escapes to freedom.

Black and white photo of a mural with the face of a Black man painted on a brick wall. He's wearing a hat. The words in Dear Jackie over the mural in black.
(Documentary Channel/CBC)

DEAR JACKIE(feature documentary directed by Henri Pardo)
Sunday, February 5 at 8 pm (8:30 NT) on CBC TV and
CBC Gem 
After a stint with the minor-league Montreal Royals, Jackie Robinson was the first Black man to play in Major League Baseball and a key contributor to the civil rights movement in the United States. When Robinson broke the colour barrier in professional baseball in 1946, the impossible seemed possible in a segregated North America. All Montrealers Black and white cheered him on and treated him like a hero. But did the white majority use the historic moment to perpetuate the myth of a post-racial society?

several colourful show posters of films in the CBC GEM Black History Month Collection - two of the prominent posters in front are of a Black woman walking through a field in a white shirt and pink skirt;  and a Black man dressed in black walking in front of red film reel.

CBC GEM BLACK HISTORY MONTH COLLECTIONS

Titles launching throughout the month of February 

CBC Gem offers four Black History Month collections – BLACK STORIES, CELEBRATING BLACK HISTORY, BLACK ART & MUSIC, and MUST WATCH BLACK LEADS – featuring over 60 series, films and documentaries that explore Black history and culture, and celebrate Black success. 

Highlights include Season 2 of Emmy-winning fictional musical variety series SHERMAN’S SHOWCASE created by Bashir Salahuddin and Diallo Riddle and executive produced by John Legend; multiple Oscar-winning film MOONLIGHT directed by Barry Jenkins; and poignant drama THE LAST BLACK MAN IN SAN FRANCISCO directed by Joe Talbot. Canadian premieres include two-part documentary RIGHT TO OFFEND: THE BLACK COMEDY REVOLUTION (directed by Mario Diaz and Jessica Sherif), about the progression of Black comedy and the comedians who have used pointed humour to expose, challenge and ridicule society’s injustices; and documentary BLIND AMBITION (directed by Rob Coe and Warwick Ross), the inspiring story of four Zimbabwean refugees who conquered the odds to become South Africa’s top sommeliers.

The CBC Gem collection, CELEBRATING BLACK HISTORY MONTH (KIDS), showcases kids series and specials featuring Black talent in front of and behind the camera, and celebrates diversity and inclusiveness. 

CBC Podcasts

Poster for podcast series The Africas Vs. America -  black helicopter flies over a collage of farmland, industrial-looking factories with pink, and various hues of grey skies. With the words The Africas Vs. Americas

THE AFRICAS VS. AMERICA
Weekly starting Monday, February 6 – 7 episodes on CBC Listen and everywhere podcasts are available 

In the spring of 1985, the City of Philadelphia became the first in U.S. history to drop a bomb on a family of American citizens. The attack killed 11 people, including five children, and the ensuing fire set an entire neighbourhood to ruins. The targets that day? A family of Black radicals known collectively as MOVE, who found themselves ensnared in a city — and nation’s — domestic war on Black Liberation. Over seven episodes, host Matthew Amha investigates the events that culminated in the MOVE bombing, and the long afterlife of a forgotten American tragedy. Through intimate conversations, THE AFRICAS VS. AMERICA offers an unseen look into MOVE’s origins and dynamics while looking ahead to the group’s uncertain future.

CBC Arts 

On February 1, CBC Arts will unveil a new Black History Month-themed logo from artist Jimmy Baptiste as part of theirmonthly logo project, with an accompanying Q&A. Features in February will include an interview with artist Esmaa Mohamoud regarding her currentArt Gallery of Alberta show, and a new episode of Here and Queer with the filmmakers behind the Jackie Shane heritage minute, Pat Mills and Ayo Tsalithaba.

CBC Books

In February, CBC Books will unveil its annual Black Canadian Writers to Watch list, including emerging and exciting Black Canadian writers, authors and poets poised to make waves in the national and international literary scenes. Notable names on past lists include award winners such as Ian Williams, Canisia Lubrin, David Chariandy, francesca ekwuyasi and more. Throughout the month, CBC Books is featuring reading lists of recent and notable books by Black writers, for genres including fiction, nonfiction, poetry, comics, children’s books and more. CBC Books will also feature Q&A interviews with established and emerging Black Canadian authors all month long.

Two Black women with broad smiles, black hair, one wearing a bright yellow jacket and multicoloured shirt the other with a purple shirt trimmed with a pattern of red, orange, black, yellow. Standing in a studio with the word WOW light up in lights in the background.
Cassandra and Janaye of CBC Kids’ Studio K. (CBC Kids)

CBC Kids

CBC Kids celebrates Black History Month with grooves and moves: new videos for CBC TV and social media feature Studio K hosts Janaye and Tony as they honour phenomenal Black Canadians, and learn amazing Afro Dance moves. CBCKids.ca (ages 6-10) and CBC Kids News (ages 9+) offer age-appropriate context on the history and significance of Black History Month. 

CBC Sports

New original CBC Sports video features in February will focus on Black runner Phil Edwards, a five-time Olympic medallist for Canada, who went on to win the first-ever Northern Star Award for Canada’s top athlete in 1936; and the racial disparity between the Canadian men’s national soccer teams at the FIFA World Cup in 1986, the team’s first appearance, and their second in 2022. The video features will be available at cbcsports.ca and on the CBC Sports app. 

Banner that reads Being Black in Canada with five fists raised in different shades of brown with an orange frame
(CBC)

For more stories about the experiences of Black Canadians — from anti-Black racism to success stories within the Black community — check out Being Black in Canada, a CBC project Black Canadians can be proud of. You can read more stories here.

Continue Reading

gospel

CBC showcases Black voices, stories and experiences in honour of Black History Month – CBC.ca

Being Black in Canada Graphic

CBC is celebrating BLACK HISTORY MONTH throughout February with a wide range of programming across its platforms featuring Black creators, storytellers and changemakers.

Highlights of CBC’s Black History Month programming include the following:

CBC British Columbia

CBC British Columbia limited series Revelations.

REVELATIONS 
Every Saturday in February

Starting February 4, CBC Vancouver is proud to feature Revelations, a limited series for Black History Month. Every Saturday in February, tune in at 5 p.m. to CBC Radio One or CBC Listen in British Columbia and listen to prominent Black voices from Vancouver hosting music specials that cover a variety of genres, from gospel to hip-hop to Afrofuturism.

Revelations will be hosted by Dawn Pemberton (Feb 4), Marcus Mosely (Feb 11), Krystie Dos Santos (Feb 18) and Khair Wendell McClelland (Feb 25).

CBC News

CBC websiteBEING BLACK IN CANADA highlights the stories and experiences of Black Canadians year-round, providing a wide range of content celebrating the culture and achievements of Canada’s Black communities while also offering a window into their struggles.

Black man and woman in a purple and beige faces with the word Black in red and the word changemakers in orange - with the black CBC logo underneath. (Poster for the CBC Black Changemakers series)

BEING BLACK IN CANADA – BLACK CHANGEMAKERS 2023 
Launching February 1

Black Changemakers is a Quebec and Atlantic Canada editorial series that recognizes individuals who are creating positive change in their community through actions big and small. From creators and community organizers to students and entrepreneurs, the series highlights current-day changemakers, helping shape our future and inspiring others. Meet the Black Changemakers:  cbc.ca/beingblackincanada

BEING BLACK IN CANADA: FRIENDS & ALLIES 
Available throughout the month of February at cbc.ca/beingblackincanada
Being Black in Canada presents a special four-part series about Black Canadians and their trusted allies, offering inspirational intersectional stories which showcase allyship in action. 

An interview will air every Wednesday in February on CBC News Network’s CANADA TONIGHT and all four interviews as a half-hour special on CBC News Network and CBC Gem on Saturday, February 25 at 4:30 p.m. ET, 9:30 p.m. ET and 11:30 p.m. ET.

CBC TV and CBC Gem

Two black men, one with with a beard smiling, wearing a beige jacket and a knitted had talking on a bench. The second man also has a black beard and hair.
The Nature of Things features Secret Agents of the Underground Railroad as host Anthony Morgan, Saladin Allah and a team of archaeologists from the University of Buffalo unearth an emotional journey to freedom. The show airs February 3 on CBC TV and CBC Gem. (Courtesy of Attraction / CBC)

THE NATURE OF THINGS: SECRET AGENTS OF THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD
Friday, February 3 at 9 pm (9:30 NT) on CBC TV and
CBC Gem
SECRET AGENTS OF THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD is a revealing, scientific exploration of how a Niagara Falls hotel, The Cataract House, became the focal point for a 19th century North American Black Resistance movement. Using strategic scientifically focused investigations, we follow host Anthony Morgan and a team of archaeologists from the University of Buffalo on an emotional journey as they recover parts of the hotel’s foundation. The archaeological dig unearths stories about how the hotel’s head waiter, John Morrison, and his seemingly innocuous wait staff covertly orchestrated Freedom Seekers’ escapes to freedom.

Black and white photo of a mural with the face of a Black man painted on a brick wall. He's wearing a hat. The words in Dear Jackie over the mural in black.
(Documentary Channel/CBC)

DEAR JACKIE(feature documentary directed by Henri Pardo)
Sunday, February 5 at 8 pm (8:30 NT) on CBC TV and
CBC Gem 
After a stint with the minor-league Montreal Royals, Jackie Robinson was the first Black man to play in Major League Baseball and a key contributor to the civil rights movement in the United States. When Robinson broke the colour barrier in professional baseball in 1946, the impossible seemed possible in a segregated North America. All Montrealers Black and white cheered him on and treated him like a hero. But did the white majority use the historic moment to perpetuate the myth of a post-racial society?

several colourful show posters of films in the CBC GEM Black History Month Collection - two of the prominent posters in front are of a Black woman walking through a field in a white shirt and pink skirt;  and a Black man dressed in black walking in front of red film reel.

CBC GEM BLACK HISTORY MONTH COLLECTIONS

Titles launching throughout the month of February 

CBC Gem offers four Black History Month collections – BLACK STORIES, CELEBRATING BLACK HISTORY, BLACK ART & MUSIC, and MUST WATCH BLACK LEADS – featuring over 60 series, films and documentaries that explore Black history and culture, and celebrate Black success. 

Highlights include Season 2 of Emmy-winning fictional musical variety series SHERMAN’S SHOWCASE created by Bashir Salahuddin and Diallo Riddle and executive produced by John Legend; multiple Oscar-winning film MOONLIGHT directed by Barry Jenkins; and poignant drama THE LAST BLACK MAN IN SAN FRANCISCO directed by Joe Talbot. Canadian premieres include two-part documentary RIGHT TO OFFEND: THE BLACK COMEDY REVOLUTION (directed by Mario Diaz and Jessica Sherif), about the progression of Black comedy and the comedians who have used pointed humour to expose, challenge and ridicule society’s injustices; and documentary BLIND AMBITION (directed by Rob Coe and Warwick Ross), the inspiring story of four Zimbabwean refugees who conquered the odds to become South Africa’s top sommeliers.

The CBC Gem collection, CELEBRATING BLACK HISTORY MONTH (KIDS), showcases kids series and specials featuring Black talent in front of and behind the camera, and celebrates diversity and inclusiveness. 

CBC Podcasts

Poster for podcast series The Africas Vs. America -  black helicopter flies over a collage of farmland, industrial-looking factories with pink, and various hues of grey skies. With the words The Africas Vs. Americas

THE AFRICAS VS. AMERICA
Weekly starting Monday, February 6 – 7 episodes on CBC Listen and everywhere podcasts are available 

In the spring of 1985, the City of Philadelphia became the first in U.S. history to drop a bomb on a family of American citizens. The attack killed 11 people, including five children, and the ensuing fire set an entire neighbourhood to ruins. The targets that day? A family of Black radicals known collectively as MOVE, who found themselves ensnared in a city — and nation’s — domestic war on Black Liberation. Over seven episodes, host Matthew Amha investigates the events that culminated in the MOVE bombing, and the long afterlife of a forgotten American tragedy. Through intimate conversations, THE AFRICAS VS. AMERICA offers an unseen look into MOVE’s origins and dynamics while looking ahead to the group’s uncertain future.

CBC Arts 

On February 1, CBC Arts will unveil a new Black History Month-themed logo from artist Jimmy Baptiste as part of theirmonthly logo project, with an accompanying Q&A. Features in February will include an interview with artist Esmaa Mohamoud regarding her currentArt Gallery of Alberta show, and a new episode of Here and Queer with the filmmakers behind the Jackie Shane heritage minute, Pat Mills and Ayo Tsalithaba.

CBC Books

In February, CBC Books will unveil its annual Black Canadian Writers to Watch list, including emerging and exciting Black Canadian writers, authors and poets poised to make waves in the national and international literary scenes. Notable names on past lists include award winners such as Ian Williams, Canisia Lubrin, David Chariandy, francesca ekwuyasi and more. Throughout the month, CBC Books is featuring reading lists of recent and notable books by Black writers, for genres including fiction, nonfiction, poetry, comics, children’s books and more. CBC Books will also feature Q&A interviews with established and emerging Black Canadian authors all month long.

Two Black women with broad smiles, black hair, one wearing a bright yellow jacket and multicoloured shirt the other with a purple shirt trimmed with a pattern of red, orange, black, yellow. Standing in a studio with the word WOW light up in lights in the background.
Cassandra and Janaye of CBC Kids’ Studio K. (CBC Kids)

CBC Kids

CBC Kids celebrates Black History Month with grooves and moves: new videos for CBC TV and social media feature Studio K hosts Janaye and Tony as they honour phenomenal Black Canadians, and learn amazing Afro Dance moves. CBCKids.ca (ages 6-10) and CBC Kids News (ages 9+) offer age-appropriate context on the history and significance of Black History Month. 

CBC Sports

New original CBC Sports video features in February will focus on Black runner Phil Edwards, a five-time Olympic medallist for Canada, who went on to win the first-ever Northern Star Award for Canada’s top athlete in 1936; and the racial disparity between the Canadian men’s national soccer teams at the FIFA World Cup in 1986, the team’s first appearance, and their second in 2022. The video features will be available at cbcsports.ca and on the CBC Sports app. 

Banner that reads Being Black in Canada with five fists raised in different shades of brown with an orange frame
(CBC)

For more stories about the experiences of Black Canadians — from anti-Black racism to success stories within the Black community — check out Being Black in Canada, a CBC project Black Canadians can be proud of. You can read more stories here.

Continue Reading

gospel

Economics of mega churches and prophetic schemes – Chronicle

The Chronicle

Marshall Rufura Ndlela, Opinion

AFRICAN spirituality basically concedes that norms, religion, practices and standards inform and define every façade of humanity, human life and culture. It is undoubtedly evident that Africans have a high propensity to believe in any well-orchestrated religion that spiritually uplifts them.

The ancient social ecosystem of Zimbabwean humanity evolved around spirituality, Ubuntu, and cultural orders from the ancient rulers, the likes of Mambo, Monomotapa, Mzilikazi and other tribal leaders. The religious practices were of paramount importance as they were used in various facets of their lives, ranging from rain making, healing, praying and accurate prophecies. The practices were free of charge and provided a spiritual need that could still satisfy the spiritual appetite of the society at large.

A South African preacher made congegants eat grass to be closer to God. (File photo)

The colonial forces that descended on Africa in the 1800s muddled the whole African value chain of humanity and economic system. Africa witnessed a mass inflow of Christian evangelical migrants or colonisers who systematically enforced their religion upon Africans. As the economic system was disoriented, thousands of missionaries in the form of

Roman Catholics, Dutch Reformed, Anglican, Methodist and Lutheran, to mention a few, introduced various social support structures to fill the gouged African spirituality and “civilisation”.

Their perfect competitive missionary worship practices required funding and financing.  Indeed, whoever feeds you controls you; that was the new revolutionary order of African societies. In order to advance their cause, schools, hospitals, NGOs, universities and clinics were built at a better service or close to free fees. The result was a concoction of Christian faceted or minded people who always used their doctrine to make any decision ranging from business, economic, political and family wise. To some extent, the system created religious cabals that could and can control an economic sector, government sector or a societal format.

Zimbabwe celebrated its independence from white minority rule in 1980. The economic system to be adopted was of a mixed economy, leaning more towards socialism. The then Government under the late Mr Robert Mugabe, a renowned Catholic, promoted spiritual democracy and independence. This saw either the birth or growth of traditional churches that was an infusion of the traditional and the imported religious practices.

Zimbabwe witnessed the growth of Apostolic sects, Zionist  sects and Pentecostal movements and  several other Christian pan-traditional churches. These churches came with a significant proportion of controversy ranging from awkward deliverance methods, praying styles, dressing, voodoo, fetish practices, child abuse, human rights abuse etc. Most of them emphasised on the teaching of mosaic laws as a fundamental principle that could bring solutions to all sorts of problems to their members or new members. In business, we say it was an uninsured spiritual insurance policy. The solution to the personal problems of members was compensated by a conditional faith-based prayer.

As the political volcano of 1999 erupted, leading to other political formations applying for sanctions to be imposed against their citizens, Zimbabwe was hit hard in all aspects of life. The signs of macroeconomic illnesses were visibly and globally noticeable. Some pastors preached the gospel of punishment, curses and patience. International spiritual missionaries saw the opportunity to invade the ‘‘poor’’ country. Zimbabwe witnessed the entrance of satellite broadcasting churches, and many others. As if that was not enough, young pastors or followers of these churches started to visit Nigeria, Benin, and Ghana for spiritual anointing or baptism.

With the third industrial revolution, satellite broadcasting, internet and social media was the best platform to spread the gospel of miracles, prophecies, deliverance, healing and “True caller tricks”. Zimbabwe became one of the major producers and exporters of such prophets. The movement of these pastors grew rapidly, became very influential and advanced what I would describe as scams. What is painful is that the poverty of an ordinary Zimbabwean is fundamentally not caused by spirituality but by the economic sanctions, attitude of the Zimbabweans and external forces.
Spiritual Democracy is regarded as putting the ideas of democracy back to where it belongs, as a shining example of the human spirit at work in the evolution of human culture and social architecture. I do applaud African countries for allowing spiritual democracy even with its shortcomings. Mega churches and these prophetic schemes or scams are being offered a heaven on earth democracy at the expense of their followers.

The aggregated revenue collected by all these churches, can surpass the gross receipts of Zimra. They are running a state within a state and not accounting or presenting a church budget to their members, showing them the revenues collected, disbursed and the resulting balance. Most churches are registered as non-profit organisations (NPOs), meaning that they exist to make neither a profit nor loss and they should transparently disclose their incomes to their members, auditor general and surrender the surplus either to the state or to their members.

The Government, as the chief regulator of all economic, social and environmental affairs of the nation, needs an efficient toolkit to be developed, guided by the ethical considerations, fairness, respect of Ubuntu, respect of human rights and respect of financial laws of a country. If left uncorrected, these churches or pastors will pose a serious economic, political and national threat to the security and welfare of the citizens.

We cannot forget that the apartheid and colonial forces used the same pastors and church leaders as an instrument to advance their evil deeds.  Each church should have a registered accountant, supply chain manager, church manager and so forth thereby reducing unemployment.

The Government should develop or enforce donations tax, NPOs tax and employee tax to all the church employees and also collect all surpluses for development programs around those churches. The money could be used for construction of streetlights, repairing roads, security costs and schools in those areas where those churches exist.

It is only in America where church founders and pastors of mega churches are sued for tax fraud, laundering and tax evasion. In Zimbabwe, pastors of these mega churches are left hunting all corners of the country with baskets and buckets of unaccounted money collections from the poor masses who are investing all their energies in expecting a miracle to happen.

* Marshall Rufura Ndlela is a scholar, researcher and an economic and financial expert based in South Africa. He holds a Master’s Degree in Finance and Accounting from the University of Chichester, England. He can be contacted on [email protected]

Continue Reading

Trending

Copyright © 2021 ZimFocus.

www.luzroyale.ky/

www.1africafocus.com

www.zimfocus.co.zw

www.classifieds.com/

One Zimbabwe Classifieds | ZimMarket

www.classifiedszim.com

www.1zimbabweclassifieds.co.zw

www.1southafricaclassifieds.com

www.1africaclassifieds.com

www.1usaclassifieds.com

www.computertraining.co.zw/

www.1itonlinetraining.com/

www.bbs-bitsbytesandstem.com/

Zimbabwe Market Classifieds | ZimMarket

1 Zimbabwe Market Classifieds | ZimMarket

www.1zimlegends.com

Linking Buyers To Sellers Is Our Business Tradition