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Looking beyond COP27 – Newsday Zimbabwe

IT’S that time of year again where climate is big news. The 27th Conference of the Parties (COP) in Sharm El-Sheikh convenes business leaders, heads of state and regional bodies to plan how best to create and implement agreements and policies towards climate change mitigation. Instituted by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the COP is the biggest climate policy and governance platform. 27 years after the first COP in Berlin, the world has changed in many ways; so has the global climate the COP is meant to protect.

The world’s relationship with the conference has also changed. There has been sharper criticism over the gathering’s perceived exclusionary nature, especially when it comes to the global South. Countries in the global South are already living in a new reality. They are experiencing the worst effects of a rise in global temperatures. Climate activists and campaigners have argued that not prioritising the perspectives, analysis and solutions from these countries is a disservice to the fight against climate change.

Activists have also accused the climate conference of greenwashing. Defined as a marketing strategy designed to mislead the buying public into believing that a company follows environmentally-friendly and sustainable practices, accusations of greenwashing arose as a result of Coca Cola being one of COP27’s sponsors. Coca Cola is one of the biggest polluters in the world, and although this is not the first COP it has been part of (previously having been a sponsor of COP22), this year’s sponsorship speaks to an increased corporate presence at the climate conference. The inclusion of corporations has been criticised as being hypocritical at best, and at worst allowing these companies space to lobby against action that would affect their profits and business practices. Then there is criticism that dismisses the COP as nothing more than a public relations and networking event, an opportunity for politicians to present themselves as on the right side of climate change without making substantial progress.

While the criticism levelled against the COP may seem harsh, there are valid concerns that the climate gathering is not doing enough to implement policies and frameworks necessary for climate action. And hope for substantive climate action is dimming; the world is currently on track to break 1.5°C and 2°C targets set by the 2015 Paris Agreements, and global carbon emissions rose to 36.3 billion tonnes – the highest level on record. The effect of the war in Ukraine and fears of a looming global recession on global geopolitics have also jeopardised multilateralism. With countries increasingly turning their focus inward, there is less incentive and desire to participate in a global campaign. This is especially true of countries in the global North. The UK’s Prime Minister Rishi Sunak initially stated that he would not attend, only to do a U-turn a few days later. Australian Prime Minister Anthony Albanese didn’t attend the COP, although he was represented by Australia’s climate change and energy minister. As the world seemingly spirals from one crisis into another, a climate apocalypse looms over us, with floods, drought, heatwaves and wildfires already tearing across the globe.

What is Africa’s position in all of this? Although contributing 2-3% of global greenhouse emissions, Africa has been disproportionately affected by climate change. Data from the African Development Bank shows that we lose up to 15% of our per capita economic growth due to the effects of climate change. The same report shows a US$1.3 trillion climate finance gap between 2020 and 2030. But it’s not all doom and gloom. While the climate crisis should be treated seriously, it’s easy to slip into despair and resign to an inescapable apocalyptic-esque future. In that process, genuine efforts and progress can be overlooked or minimized.

Zimbabwe was part of a team of African negotiators that met ahead of COP27 to discuss how to expedite plans for resilience building and mitigation. Despite slow progress on climate financing for the global South, the African Development Bank recently secured USD$31 billion at the recent Africa Investment Forum. Part of the investment will go towards energy and climate projects. The AFDB has been busy with its climate-related initiatives. It co-created the Africa Adaptation Acceleration Programme (AAAP), which aims to raise USD$25 billion over five years to facilitate and accelerate climate change adaptation projects across Africa. It also champions the Africa Climate Change Fund, which currently funds projects focused on building resilience in hard-hit communities and promoting sustainable economic growth. More than 40 African countries have revised their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), steps that a country intends to take to reach its climate goals.

The fifth COP to be held in Africa was more accessible for us to attend (although there are no direct flights between Harare and Cairo). This could work in our favour, especially for young climate activists, organisations and advocacy groups. More participation from these groups can increase pressure to prioritise funding and support for the global South. Secondly, it presents another opportunity for African lawmakers, government officials and non-governmental organisations to connect and create new paths for collaboration. The recently held Africa Climate Week (ACW) established the need to invest in climate-smart agriculture, stronger capacity building for carbon pricing and markets, creating climate-proof cities and sustainable infrastructure, and supporting Africa’s Small to Medium Enterprises (SMEs). It also concluded the need to work with communities to create and implement projects, the inclusion of indigenous knowledge systems, and the participation of youth. Given that the discussions and outcomes of the ACW were informed by the same stakeholders meeting again in Sharm El-Sheikh, COP27 was a platform for consolidating intracontinental relationships, forge new connections and most importantly, continue the work of climate action.

COP27 will come and go, dominating headlines for two or so weeks then slipping further and further down the list of trending news topics until it disappears completely. However, for a continent looking down the barrel of climate catastrophe, working together before, during and after the climate conference is imperative for adaptation, resilience building, capacity building and mitigation. Imperfect as it is, the COP is undoubtedly a critical gathering for global climate policy, but it’s not the entirety of it. The work done beyond the conference by governments, NGOs, organisations and corporations is what will truly make or break the future of our country, continent and climate.

  • Makomborero Muzenda is a writer and analyst. These weekly New Perspectives articles published in the Zimbabwe Independent are coordinated by Lovemore Kadenge, an independent consultant, past president of the Zimbabwe Economics Society and past president of the Chartered Governance & Accountancy Institute in Zimbabwe (CGI Zimbabwe). — or mobile: +263 772 382 852

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Biden: Willing to Talk to Putin About Ending War in Ukraine – VOA Zimbabwe


U.S. President Joe Biden raised the possibility Thursday of talks with Russian President Vladimir Putin to negotiate an end to Moscow’s war against Ukraine but said he had yet to see any willingness on Putin’s part to halt his 10-month invasion.

“I’m prepared to talk to Putin but only in consultation with NATO allies,” Biden said at a White House news conference after holding several hours of private talks with French President Emmanuel Macron about Ukraine and other issues. “I have no immediate plans to contact Mr. Putin. I’m not going to do it on my own.”

“There’s one way for this war to end, Putin to pull out of Ukraine,” Biden said. “It’s sick what he’s doing. If he’s looking for a way to end the war, he hasn’t done that.”

Macron said he was confident the U.S. would continue to support Ukraine with more military and humanitarian assistance.

“It’s about our values,” the French leader said. “Having the U.S. support Ukraine … is very important.”

Biden said the U.S. “will never ask Ukraine to compromise” to end the war without the consent of the Kyiv government.

Earlier, before their private discussions, Biden said as he welcomed Macron for the first state visit of a foreign leader during his presidency, “France and the United States are facing down Vladimir Putin’s ambition.”

“The alliance between our two nations remains essential for our defense,” Biden said. “The U.S. could not ask for a better partner than France.” He described France as “our oldest ally and unwavering partner in freedom’s cause.”

Macron, speaking on a sunny but chilly morning in Washington, said, “As war returns to European soil with Russian aggression against Ukraine, and in light of the multiple crises facing our nations and societies, we need to become brothers-in-arms once more.”

He said Washington and Paris “share the same faith in freedom and democratic values.”

While agreeing on their determination to support Ukraine, Macron expressed sharp concerns to Biden about the U.S. leader’s Inflation Reduction Act, or IRA, approved by Congress earlier this year that provides billions of dollars to support the U.S. clean energy industry, and a separate measure that bolsters U.S. semiconductor manufacturers.

Macron told congressional leaders Wednesday that the measure was “super aggressive” toward European companies.

“The consequence of the IRA is that you will perhaps fix your issue, but you will increase my problem,” he said, noting that France makes “exactly the same products as you.”

At the news conference, Biden said the legislation was “never intended to exclude” European trading partners. “We’re back in business,” he said of U.S. economic advances. “Europe is back in business.”

Macron said, “France wants the same new manufacturing jobs.”

Biden acknowledged that some aspects of the legislation might need to be tweaked, as he put it, and said he was confident that U.S. and European negotiators could work out differences so both the U.S. and European economies can prosper.

The pomp and circumstance of a White House state visit for a foreign leader was on full display, with Biden and first lady Jill Biden greeting Macron and his wife, Brigitte Macron, and then watching as a band in colonial uniforms played the national anthems of both countries. A 21-gun salute for Macron’s visit rang out.

The two leaders and their wives waved from the White House balcony before Biden and Macron went inside for substantive talks. A state dinner was planned for the evening.

The Bidens took the Macrons to Fiola Mare, an upscale Italian seafood restaurant overlooking the Potomac River, on Wednesday evening.

Some information for this report came from The Associated Press, Agence France-Presse and Reuters.

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Bid for more MICE events: ZTA – Zimbabwe Independent

ZIMBABWE Tourism Authority Chief Executive, Ms Winnie Muchanyuka has urged players in the tourism and hospitality players to collaborate with government in bidding for Meetings Incentives Conferences Exhibitions Tourism (MICE) events.

Muchanyuka was speaking at the 2022 edition of the Hospitality Association of Zimbabwe Congress which kicked off in Victoria Falls yesterday. 

“I would like to encourage the hospitality industry to continue working closely with the ZTA and other government arms to jointly formulate strategies to bid for more MICE business. We must find strategic ways to collaborate in our quest to promote Zimbabwe as a first choice MICE destination,” said Muchanyuka. 

“There is a lot of potential for us to create more MICE businesses locally. We just need to have a more collaborative approach as a sector. If you look at our statistics for this year, you will find out that MICE contributed quite significantly to the general recovery of the sector.

Muchanyuka said hoteliers have indicated that most of the MICE business was generated from the domestic market which was mostly constituted of government agencies, the corporate sector and nongovernmental organisations.

“MICE business continues to be the dominating force in generating room occupancies for hotels,” she said. 

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Zim traverses globe to reclaim tourism markets – NewsDay

THE battle to reclaim tourism markets have accelerated since governments eased Covid-19 pandemic restrictions this year. In an interview with our business reporter Freeman Makopa (FM) this week, Environment, Climate, Tourism and Hospitality Industry minister Mangaliso Ndlovu (MN) tells us the strides the country has made. Below are excerpts of the interview:

FM: What is the outlook for the tourism industry?

MN: Since the beginning of the year, global tourism has continued to exhibit signs of consistent recuperation from the adverse consequences of the Covid-19 pandemic. Current trends for Zimbabwe have shown recovery, which has been supported by the bouncing back of worldwide inbound travel and growth in domestic tourism.

FM: How has the industry performed this year?

MN: The first nine months of 2022 saw a 165% rise in tourist arrivals. Arrivals increased to 693 498 during the period, from 261 415 during the same period in 2021. This is more than double the number of international arrivals received during the first nine months of 2021.

FM: This means hotel room occupancies have also improved

MN: Yes, on average, occupancies for the first nine months of 2022 grew by 21 percentage points. Occupancies rose from 21% in 2021 to 42% in 2022. Overall, this performance has been reinforced by domestic tourism, which is dominant, contributing 95% of tourism business in 2022.

FM: How has Zimbabwe managed to drum up domestic tourism during this difficult period, economically?

MN: Like any other country, Zimbabwe is traversing through the recovery from the Covid-19 pandemic and the on-going war in Ukraine. These have affected global economies, travel and trade. Given this economic situation, the tourism sector is implementing the National Tourism Recovery and Growth Strategy (TRGS), which is driving the growth of tourism. This is mainly through campaigns to accelerate meetings, conferences and exhibitions (MICE) and domestic tourism. The ZimBho, MeetInZim and InvestInZim campaigns have stimulated domestic and business tourism.

FM: Please share the investment levels into the sector attributable to these campaigns

MN: These campaigns have contributed to tourism growth doubling for January to September 2022 as alluded to earlier. There have been investments totalling US$306,7 million during the period, from US$90,4 million. This was mostly invested into accommodation facilities and vehicle hire.

FM: How do you plan to sustain this growth trajectory?

MN: The tourism sector is guided by the National Development Strategy (NDS) 1, 2021 to 2025 and the TRGS. NDS1 agitates for the growth of the tourism sector through increased investment into diversified products, while TRGS seeks to grow the tourism economy to US$5 billion by 2025. The ministry has the following programmes in place, in its endeavour to achieve the NDS1 goals: product development and diversification, instituting ease of doing business reforms, climate proofing of the tourism sector and establishing a tourism satellite account.

FM: Tell us about the role of the private sector in these initiatives

MN: Zimbabwe’s tourism sector is government-led and private sector driven. The ministry and the private sector already have synergies to promote the country through bilateral agreements signed with other countries in the region and abroad. The ministry is currently implementing memoranda of understanding on cooperation in the field of tourism with South Africa, Zambia, Malawi, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. These provide the public and private sectors the opportunity to jointly market and promote destinations, exchange of programmes for professional in the sector and joint collaboration of private sector associations. Government also supports private sector participation at international travel fairs through subsidising participation fees of operators. The ministry through the Zimbabwe Tourism Authority (ZTA), jointly with the private sector, participates annually at fairs such as World Travel Market in London, International Travel Bourse in Berlin, Germany and Indaba Travel Fair in Durban, South Africa. 

FM: What else is the government doing?

MN: Over and above the synergies, the ministry is establishing market presence in the country’s key tourism source markets. Two tourism attachés were deployed in August and September 2022 to China and the United Arab Emirates. An additional nine tourism attachés were recently appointed and are expected to be deployed in the first quarter of 2023 to Germany, France, the United Kingdom, the United States of America, India, South Africa, China and Japan. Physical presence in key source markets and the joint synergies with the private sector will aid government in promoting the destination internationally, attracting more tourists to the country.

FM: Tell us about financial support to the industry.

MN: The government of Zimbabwe has put in place several incentives to help the tourism sector. These include duty rebates on capital equipment for use in tourism development zones.  We also have SI 10 of 2022, which spells out rebate on duty for safari vehicles and tour buses and SI 279 of 2019, which spells out rebates in respect of new capital equipment for expansion, modernisation and renovation of hotels and restaurants within hotels.

The funding also supports boat equipment imports, among others. There are also tax breaks in tourism development zones and tax exemptions for investments into the Victoria Falls tourism special economic zone. 

FM: What are the developments on the electricity front, with regards to tourism?

MN: Electricity and water are already subsidised by the government. As a result, Zimbabwe has one of the cheapest utilities in the Sadc region in this respect. The government of Zimbabwe in 2018 launched the National Tourism Masterplan, which is an overarching guide to the development of tourism in Zimbabwe. The master plan identified potential tourism nuggets to grow new tourist attractions in Zimbabwe. The plan has identified 11 tourism development zones in Harare, Eastern Highlands, Chimanimani, Gonarezhou, Limpopo, Great Zimbabwe, Midlands, Bulawayo, Victoria Falls, Kariba and Mavhuradonha. Government has put in place incentives to support investments into special economic zones and tourism development zones that investors can take advantage of.

The national tourism policy agitates for an enabling environment to attract investment into the sector. It also uses tourism to attract foreign direct investment into the country. At the same time, the government will ensure the industry is protected from disinvestment through primary and secondary legislation.

FM: Are you happy with accessibility?        

MN: Accessibility is the backbone of the growth of tourism destinations. And air accessibility contributes significantly to the growth of regional and international tourist arrivals to any destination. Air Zimbabwe, therefore, plays a critical role in providing direct access to Zimbabwe from key source markets and an instrumental role in national identity. The airline connects Harare with local destinations such as Victoria Falls. To strengthen the role of Air Zimbabwe in connecting travellers, the government has allowed private sector players such as Fasjet and Kuva Air to fly from Harare to Bulawayo, Victoria Falls and Kariba. We are fully behind the capacitation of the airline and the massive investment in the expansion of the ports of entry.

FM: We have seen more airlines returning to this market. Please share with us what has been happening

MN: The cross-cutting role of infrastructure development, such as the expansion of airports has a huge impact on all sectors of the economy. Airport expansion will boost the country’s growth and transformation in trade and tourism as part of strides. Airport expansion, as seen with at Victoria Falls International Airport, will attract new aircrafts and airlines.

The expansion of Victoria Falls International Airport saw African airlines like Ethiopian Airlines, Air Botswana, Fastjet, Airlink and Kenya Airways increasing flight frequencies to the resort town.

It also attracted new airlines like Eurowings from Germany and Mack Air from Botswana.

This also increased the airport’s passenger handling capacity from 500 000 a year to about 1,5 million. 

Expansion will, therefore increase regional and international tourist arrivals into the country, tourism receipts and the sector’s contribution to gross domestic product as well as attainment of the US$ 5billion tourism sector by 2025.

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