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Second Republic, second term: consolidation of development gains – The Herald

Lovemore Chikova Development Dialogue

Everything is now in place for the second term of the Second Republic to continue with the developmental trajectory started in its first term, consolidating the process.

With the Cabinet now in place, the last step in ensuring the post-election Constitutional rites are followed, everyone in their sectors know a lot needs to be done.

The ground laid by the Second Republic’s first term has been very solid.

In fact, President Mnangagwa has given a fresh look at how development can be successfully carried out in Zimbabwe, with more reliance on local talents and resources.

Outsiders are, of course, an important component of that developmental process, but coming as partners, rather than the drivers of the process as witnessed in other parts of the developing world.

The major lesson from President Mnangagwa is that developing countries have for years abandoned the developmental process to outsiders, with little command from themselves.

Leaving foreigners to dominate the developmental process has been a major hindrance for developing countries to take off quickly.

For instance, developed countries would want to continue relying on resources that are abundant in developing countries.

They are fully aware that once these developing countries reach a high level of development, they will be limited in their aim to have access to local resources.

The strategy has been to keep developing countries extending the begging bowl to Western countries, inviting the foreigners to lead the local developmental efforts.

In an effort to ensure that developing countries do not record a quick turnaround, these developed countries impose long and winding prescriptions that hinder development, rather than quicken it.

Developing countries that forge their own developmental trajectories free from the influences of the developed countries are quickly condemned.

Their novel development strategies are presented as ineffective and useless, yet these will be people-oriented programmes with practical examples of how they uplift people from poverty.

Perhaps this is why some Western scholars coined the Modernisation Theory of development which believes that for developing countries to make it, they have to go through the same processes which developed countries went through to reach where they are.

This theory suggests a long and arduous way to development, which will ensure developing countries remain stagnant forever.

President Mnangagwa is pretty much aware of such setbacks to development.

That is why he coined development philosophies such as “Nyika inovakwa nevene vayo/Ilizwe lakhiwa ngabanikazi balo”, a rallying point calling upon every Zimbabwean to regain confidence that the country can indeed make it using its talents and resources.

This philosophy has helped transform the thinking and attitude of Zimbabweans towards development, moving towards the realisation that they can provide solutions to their own problems without entirely being led by outsiders.

The philosophy is a counter to the Modernisation Theory which limits development to following the exact footsteps of countries that have developed already.

Development processes are not cast in stone, each country should be free to adopt strategies that suit its conditions and needs.

And it is only the locals who know very well and without doubt what they want and how they want to proceed.

This is a huge challenge thrown by President Mnangagwa, not only to Zimbabweans, but to the developing world.

It is possible to chart a unique developmental path that gives local solutions to local problems. Development needs practical action and concentrating on high-impact projects that bring positive results to the people.

This has been the hallmark of the Second Republic which has concentrated on basic issues that change the living standards of the people.

In the first term of the Second Republic, many projects were in areas that affect people daily — agriculture (food and nutrition), infrastructure (roads, dams, irrigation etc), energy and many others.

These provided a firm foundation as the Second Republic takes more developmental steps forward in its second term.

Steadily (brick by brick), progress is being made towards the achievement of Vision 2030 which envisages the country being an upper middle-income economy by that year.

This is anchored on a solid developmental plan being proffered by President Mnangagwa and the Second Republic which focuses on lifting the majority of people out of poverty.

In fact, Zimbabweans should desist from seemingly enjoying the unfair tag being placed on them of being a poor country, this breeds an inferiority complex that suppresses their potential to participate in development.

Through development programmes and projects being implemented by the Second Republic, the country is shrugging off the description of an impoverished country, which some would want to foster on it.

This is why President Mnangagwa has been working hard to instil confidence that Zimbabwe can be developed using local resources with the participation of local people.

It is about self-confidence and self-respect, and most importantly not being chained to the narrative that Zimbabwe, or any other developing country for that matter, cannot make it on its own.

President Mnangagwa emphasised these points yesterday when he addressed the Government high-level retreat in Harare that was attended by top Government officials.

The retreat was meant to develop a common understanding of President Mnangagwa’s administration’s people-centred transformative agenda.

“The Second Term of the Second Republic must, therefore, reflect our determination to leapfrog the socio-economic development, modernisation and industrialisation of our country, through high impact results,” said President Mnangagwa.

“As we do so, I exhort us to take pride in that we are Zimbabweans, a unique and resilient people, descendants of the Great Munhumutapa. Although we are under the albatross of the heinous illegal sanctions, this must never limit us. We must have a mentality that this is normal and achieve even greater success.”

President Mnangagwa said although lessons could be learnt from elsewhere, Zimbabweans should remain true to who they are as a people.

“Lessons can be learnt from elsewhere, but only adapted to enrich the realisation of our own vision and national priorities,” he said. “Our people deserve quality, affordable and accessible services. Under our watch, as Members of the Executive, more of our people must be taken out of poverty into prosperity, especially the vulnerable, women and youth.

“To achieve this, servant leadership, continuous learning and the responsive implementation of policies and projects remain integral.”

President Mnangagwa laid out the developmental programme for the Second Republic’s second term as follows:

  • Accelerate projects such as Gwayi Shangani Dam, Kunzvi Dam, the Beitbridge-Bulawayo -Victoria Falls highway, and drilling of the 35 000 boreholes in villages, among others.
  • Government Excellence Model; underpinned by research, science, technology and innovation, high standards of operations and performance awards; as well as improving Zimbabwe’s Competitiveness.
  • Consolidating food security and sovereignty through higher agricultural production and productivity, as well as mechanisation and modernisation of the sector;
  • Improving social services, education, health and utilities across the nation;
  • Enhancing the transport system and other infrastructure, in both rural and urban communities;
  • Ensuring that the rich mineral resource base benefits the people.
  • Continue to enhance good corporate governance, entrench transparency and accountability, as well as generate value for money to the citizenry.
  • Extend the reform process to the Public Entities to guarantee their viability and profitability.
  • Fiscal and Monetary Policies to foster economic stability and predictability as well as spur confidence among citizens.
  • Industrial development and productivity as well as Import Substitution Strategies to be intensified.
  • High Level Forum on Public Sector Reforms and the Tripartite to continue to play a pivotal role.
  • Strengthening of the framework being used for implementation of the National Development Strategy 1 for the monitoring and evaluation of the achievement of Vision 2030 targets.
  • Enhance inclusive participation of all the stakeholders in the economy, with ministers and permanent secretaries being agile and providing the requisite leadership.
  • The Ease of Doing Business Reforms will be on-going to increase both local and foreign investments.
  • Sectors which remain burdened by numerous and overlapping legislative and regulatory processes, as well as licences, fees and taxes charged by Ministries, Departments and Agencies should be urgently attended to.
  • Informed by the Devolution and Decentralisation Agenda, Government blueprints, programmes and projects will answer to the needs of households, villages, wards, districts and provinces.
  • Provincial Development Plans to speak to the devolved systems.

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Who is Harpal Randhawa, Indian billionaire who died in Zimbabwe plane crash? Here’s all you need to know – India TV News

Indian business tycoon Harpal Randhawa, who was killed in a
Image Source : X Indian business tycoon Harpal Randhawa, who was killed in a plane crash in Zimbabwe.

Indian mining tycoon Harpal Randhawa and his son were among the six individuals killed on September 29 when their private plane, Cessna-206, crashed near a diamond mine in southwestern Zimbabwe following a technical glitch.

Randhawa was the owner of RioZim, a diversified mining company producing gold and coal as well as refining nickel and copper. The plane that crashed was also owned by RioZim and was bound towards the Murowa diamond from Harare.

The plane experienced a technical fault, possibly resulting in a mid-air explosion, before plummeting into Peter Farm in the Zvamahande region. Confirming the crash, a statement from RioZim read, “The Murowa Diamond Company (RioZim)-owned white and red Zcam aircraft had left Harare for the mine at 6 am and crashed about 6km from Mashava.”

Who is Harpal Randhawa?

The 60-year-old Randhawa was the founder of private equity firm GEM Holdings worth $4 billion. He had vast gold, diamond and coal mining interests in Zimbabwe and was a prominent figure in the country.

According to his LinkedIn profile, Randhawa has served as the chairman of the GEM group for 30 years after its formation in July 1993. Aside from that, he was a partner at Sabre Capital Worldwide for 12 years and a senior adviser at the real estate firm Safanad for three years.

Randhawa completed his education at the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales (ICAEW) and the University of London. As per reports, he was planning his next business venture. His wife’s name has not been revealed yet.

The billionaire’s son, 22-year-old Amer Kabir Singh Randhawa, is a trained pilot, who also died in the tragic accident on Friday. The names of the other deceased passengers are yet to be released by police.

Reactions to Randhawa’s death

Although the names of the deceased passengers are yet unknown, journalist and filmmaker Hopewell Chinono, who was a friend of Randhawa, confirmed the deaths of Randhawa and his son.

“I am deeply saddened by the passing of Harpal Randhawa, the owner of RioZim who died today in a plane crash in Zvishavane. Five other people including his son, who was also a pilot but a passenger on this flight, also died in the crash,” wrote Chinono on X.

“My thoughts are with his wife, family, friends and the RioZim community.” The RioZim company secretary said a full statement will be issued. “I am not in a position to address the media right now. We will however be issuing a statement as soon as possible,” he said.

Many people expressed grief and condolences over Randhawa’s death on social media. Meanwhile, the local community and law enforcement agencies are working together to manage the aftermath of the plane crash.

(with agency inputs)

ALSO READ | Indian mining tycoon, Harpal Randhawa, his son among six killed in plane crash in Zimbabwe

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Fraud-accused Zimstat boss granted US$200 bail

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By Staff Reporter

Zimbabwe National Statistics Agency (ZimStat) Director General, Taguma Mahonde has been granted US$200 bail by Harare magistrate, Marewanazvo Gofa following his arrest last week.

Mahonde is facing fraud allegations with prosecution alleging that he abused his powers to get away with crimes he committed at his workplace.

He is facing another charge of contravening the Prevention of Corruption Act and an alternative charge of obstruction of justice.

The magistrate said it was his right to be granted bail.

During the bail hearing Investigating Officer, Eric Chacha said Mahonde would threaten ZACC’s witnesses into silence or hiding if granted bail.

“The degree of interference is so severe to the extent that the accused found some tactics and used his position as the Director General of ZimStats to fire the witness (Matiza) from work. Realizing that Matiza was working with ZACC, he found some dubious charges and caused the witness to be suspended.”

Chacha said after firing Matiza, Mahonde allegedly called him threatening to “deal” with him.

It is alleged that he said, “I will get bail like what the NSSA boss and the clerk of Parliament did and once I’m back at work I will deal with you accordingly.”

Chacha said if Mahonde is released, he might go back to his workplace and continue to intimidate his subordinates and they will not assist ZACC.

“You could even tell during the interviews of the subordinates that they were being interviewed under threat and fear as they were always saying that they would be facing the challenges Matiza is going through. They are afraid of the accused.” Chacha said.

Mahonde is accused of squandering Zimstat US$4 000 by claiming school fees allowance for a non-existent child.

It is further alleged that when ZACC’s investigations into his alleged corruption started in March this year, he tried to cover up his offense by refunding ZW$756 047.33 but it amounted to US$826 as he had used the interbank rate of $915.

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ZB Bank heist: Four acquitted to be reimbursed forfeited funds

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By Staff Reporter

FOUR suspects who were acquitted in the ZB Bank money heist case which made headlines two years ago will have their forfeited money reimbursed.

The four are Trymore Chapfikwa, Tozivepi Chirara, Dennis Madondo and Tatenda Gadzikwa.

They filed an application for disposal before Harare magistrate, Clever Tsikwa ruled there was “no justification for the State to keep the money when there is no longer a case against the four.”

The amount to be reimbursed was not mentioned.

The prosecution had protested the release of the funds arguing that there was no evidence to prove that seized money did not belong to the bank.

“The cash before this court as an exhibit cannot be lawfully possessed by the applicants.

“They did not provide proof of the source of their ownership. In this inquiry of whether an exhibit can be claimed by an accused, the accused has an onus to show that they are entitled to the money.” said prosecutor Loveit Muringwa.

The four were jointly charged with Shadreck Njowa, Tendai Zuze and Neverson Mwamuka who were convicted on Friday.

Njowa, Zuze and Mwamuka await their sentencing on Wednesday.

Prosecutors proved Njowa the kingpin of the heist and had been hiding in South Africa before coming back into the country in November 2022 assuming the dust had settled.

Njowa and his accomplices robbed US$2,7m and ZW$43 090 that was in the commercial bank’s transit truck headed for seven branches across the country in January 2021.

The security crew and the gang then staged the robbery along the Harare-Chinhoyi highway just after Nyabira Business Centre.

They had reportedly armed themselves with pistols, knives, and three vehicles which they used to carry the cash in transit.

One of the guards, Fanuel Musakwa, transporting the money was in contact with the heist crew.

Court heard the guard requested the driver to pick up some of the accomplices as passengers before they stole the money.

Meanwhile, prosecutor Muringwa has submitted the State’s aggravation urging the court to impose a harsher sentence for the convicted trio.

“The crime had a negative economic impact on the complainant and resulted in reasonable material or economic loss.

“The complainant is in the banking business, the loss of such vast amounts of money certainly had a negative impact on their business as income was lost because of the lack of cash that could have been circulated to its clients earning it the much-needed interest. Wherefore the State prays that the accused be heavily sentenced of the charged offense of robbery as aggravation factors outweigh the mitigatory factors,” he said.

The three will submit their mitigation Tuesday.

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