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Why is China a popular study destination for Zimbabweans? – University World News


Peter Tagarira is one of thousands of African students who have made the great trek to study in China. He graduated in 2022 with a degree in international business management from the Dongbei University of Finance and Economics (DUFE) in Dalian in Liaoning province, Northeast China.

China was not part of his plan but, coming from a business family, he decided on that country when he heard that it had a fast-growing economy.

None of his family members had attended university in China or had ever been to China, Tagarira said. “I was born into a business family that owns a few companies. Because of China’s growing economy, you get to learn a lot from other people. I learned a lot about business in China. It was more about exposure, seeing what other people do businesswise.”

Tagarira said that, at first, there was a language barrier, but his university provided a translator fluent in both English and Chinese and, with time, he learned the language.

“I was self-funded. The fees are not that bad. Where I studied, tuition was US$3,000 per year. Compared to other places in China, that US$3,000, is enough to cover the full four study years in China. The only difference is all these other universities don’t have international lecturers.

“They have Chinese lecturers who are trying to speak in English. So, there might be difficulty in learning because most Chinese people are not fluent in English. You have to do most of the work yourself when it comes to understanding,” he said.

He said DUFE is more of an international institute that employs academics from all over the world, mostly Americans. “That is the advantage. If you decide to go to a cheap place, you will face the consequences of a cheap place. If you decide to go to an expensive place, then you are assured that you will get quality.”

Performance key to scholarships

He said scholarships are available, but they come with strings attached. “If you are on scholarship, you have to make sure you pass every semester with distinction, which means at least 90%. It’s hard to maintain that. Yes, of course, they give you a monthly allowance, they pay for your accommodation, they pay for your flights, but the catch is you now have to make sure that you defend that scholarship,” he said.

Being self-funded is advantageous because it is affordable. “Your US$3,000 can get you a degree in a different city, but mostly in the south. Most billionaires are found in the northern parts, so it is a bit expensive there.”

Tagarira said China is not so open about giving people work visas, which means they may have to return home after completing their studies.

He described the standard of living in China as “perfect” – “who wouldn’t want free wi-fi everywhere you go? If you go to a restaurant, the password will be displayed on the wall. The fees are very affordable, food is affordable, transport is affordable, even the nightlife is affordable,” he said.

Number of African students growing

ICEF Monitor, a market intelligence resource for the international education industry, reported on 21 April 2021 that most foreign students in China come from India, but that the number of African students is rapidly growing.

Development Reimagined reports that China hosted 74,011 students from 24 African countries in 2017, thanks to the overall growth of 258% from 2011-17,” ICEF said.

Current statistics on the number of Zimbabweans in China are unavailable.

Cidella Chidziva, who graduated in 2022 with a bachelor degree in computer science and technology from Ocean University of China in Qingdao on the Chinese mainland, told University World News that heading to the East Asian country to study came naturally. She said that, if she decides to further her studies, it will likely also be in China.

“I always wanted to have a multicultural experience for my university education. I grew up obsessed with China’s music, traditions, films, and especially their technological advancement, so picking it as a study destination just came naturally,” she said.

“The main advantage of studying in China is its affordability. As a student, you don’t really need to be worrying about where your next meal will be coming from or if you need to be taking other jobs on top of your studies to be able to make ends meet.”

Language barrier a huge challenge

Chidziva said the main disadvantage associated with studying in China is obviously the language barrier. Chinese is not easy to master, for most students. “No matter how hard you try to run away from it, you’ll still need to learn it. You might be taking your classes in English but, elsewhere, everyone is speaking in Chinese – from the taxi drivers to the shop attendants, to the doctors.” She said she moved to China without speaking a word of Chinese but mastered the language in six months.

Chidziva had a scholarship. “If you have good grades, you can easily get some kind of scholarship because the Chinese government is trying to make China a top study destination for many international students. The Chinese Scholarship Council (CSC) is sponsoring thousands of international students to come to China, either for short-term studies or four-year degrees,” she said.

Erroll Mutanga, who started engineering at South China University of Technology, one of the top public universities in Guangzhou, said his father is a Zimbabwean war veteran who was trained in China and fought during Zimbabwe’s war of liberation in the 1970s that ushered in independence from colonial rule in 1980. His father had a high regard for the Chinese, so he steered him towards studying there.

“My father never went to school because of the war so he wanted me to get an education. Since I was in school, he always said I would go to China for my studies,” Mutanga said. “China is a great country, a superpower. We hear of racism, but I have never experienced it. That does not exist on campus.”

Mutanga said the Chinese have a high work ethic and the fate of his unborn children has been sealed; they will also go to China to study.

Peter Tagarira (left) and Leo Mashonganyika, Images provided

Students learn Mandarin to prepare

Leo Mashonganyika, an honours student in financial and accounting systems and development applications at the University of Zimbabwe in Harare, said that he has enrolled to learn the Chinese language at the institution’s Confucius Institute. He said he has an option of furthering his studies in China as enrolment at the Confucius Institute could guarantee one a Chinese scholarship.

Zanele Nqobo Ndebele, an advanced-level student at Townsend High School in Bulawayo, has enrolled for Chinese lessons in the city as she plans to study in China.

“I have chosen China of all the countries because of its upper hand in specialisation and I’m generally someone who is more than passionate about the Mandarin language and its culture at large,” she said.

Socio-cultural challenges are among the biggest hurdles African students experience in China, according to an article published in the International Journal of Engineering Research and Management in October 2021. This includes difficulty making friends with Chinese people and attending Chinese cultural activities as well as racial discrimination. Academic challenges include difficulties in understanding teachers’ explanations during classes and difficulty interacting with Chinese colleagues.

Facilitating access to scholarships

Donald Rushambwa, general manager of the China Zimbabwe Exchange Centre (CZEC), said they are holding expos for prospective students to access scholarship opportunities. CZEC is a registered, private, voluntary organisation that comprises Zimbabwean and Chinese citizens to facilitate study opportunities. The first such expo was held at the end of October 2023 in the Chinese province of Hubei.

He said they want Zimbabwean students to learn from the Chinese model of development. “The Hubei Expo is a platform meant to showcase scholarships for students to study in China. Various scholarships and self-financing programmes were on offer to Zimbabwean students. So far, over 200 Zimbabwean students are studying in Hubei,” he said.

China has a growing economy with the most advanced technology, which is beneficial to students as Zimbabwe can follow development trends from the Chinese model of growth-development, he added.

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Breaking news – Chronicle

Sukulwenkosi Dube-Matutu, [email protected]

INSIZA Rural District Council has joined hands with residents to construct Bekezela Primary School in Filabusi Town, which has brought relief to the local community.

The project was initiated by the community and the council chipped in with support for the project using devolution funds.

The school opened its doors to learners last year starting with ECD A to Grade 3  learners. 

The council used devolution funds to build two classroom blocks while the community mobilised resources and constructed a third classroom block. 

Parents are targeting to build a classroom block each year so that the school can introduce the next grade every year.

In an interview, Insiza Rural District Council chief executive officer, Mr Shepard Tshuma, said the new school has come in handy to decongest the other two schools in Filabusi Town.

“The devolution fund has come in handy for us as a local authority in improving education sector. In 2019 we came in and assisted in constructing Bekezela Primary School in Filabusi Town. 

“We assisted by constructing two classroom blocks. The community didn’t sit down and watch but they also mobilised resources and constructed a third classroom block,” said Mr Tshuma.

“Now the school houses ECD A to Grade three learners. The plan is to have a classroom block each year so that the school can accommodate children who will be going to the next grade.

“The school has helped to decongest Filabusi Government Primary and Marvel Primary School. At Filabusi Government we had 23 classes but with only nine classrooms. This meant that some pupils were learning in the open space.”

Mr Tshuma said they also used devolution funds to erect a perimeter fence at the school, build an administration block, and buy furniture for the school.

He said devolution funds will be used to build cottages at the school and a computer laboratory while the local authority will, starting next year, use devolution funds to promote the teaching of science subjects in schools. 

Mr Tshuma said this will help to ensure that local schools churn out learners who can enrol at the Gwanda State University. He commended the community for supporting the construction of Bekezela Primary School saying such commitment from parents was necessary for bringing about the necessary development in communities.

Bekezela Primary School Development Committee chairperson, Mr Pilate Siziba said the school has brought relief to their children as some had to walk up to five kilometres.

“Besides learners being congested at the two other schools, children used to walk up to five kilometres to get to school. Some of them were passing through a bushy area, which is very risky for primary learners,” he said. 

“As a community, we realised that we didn’t have to wait on Government to provide everything but we also had to initiate our own development. We are now targeting to start construction of a four-classroom block. We thank the Government and council for their intervention through the devolution fund,” he said.

Insiza RDC has used devolution funds to tackle four key thematic areas in the district namely education, machinery and equipment, infrastructure, and health.

The council has so far received $717 million out of its yearly allocation of $1,5 billion. Some of the projects that have been done include the purchase of a motorised grader, which upon being delivered will see an acceleration in the road maintenance works in the district.

Other projects that have been implemented using devolution funds include the construction of an ECD classroom block at Artherstone Primary School, completion of Sukasihambe Primary School, construction of a Science laboratory at Lubuze Secondary School among other projects, completion of Mbondo Clinic and equipping Montrose Clinic.

Devolution funds are assisting local authorities in fulfilling their obligation of ensuring improved access to social amenities across the country through the development of key infrastructure such as clinics, classroom blocks, roads, and bridges among other facilities.

Social amenities and infrastructure development are some of the major pillars of the National Development Strategy (NDS1). — @DubeMatutu

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High Court overturns Sikhala’s conviction in obstruction of justice case

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By Mary Taruvinga

The High Court has acquitted former opposition MP Job Sikhala in a case he was accused of obstructing the course of justice after he allegedly announced that a Zanu PF activist had murdered Moreblessing Ali.

The State alleged that he posted a video that was intended to mislead the police who were investigating the death of Ali whose body was found dismembered.

Justices Pisirayi Kwenda and Benjamin Chikowero sitting as an appeal court ruled that magistrate Marewanazvo Gofa erred when she convicted Sikhala in May this year.

They quashed the lower court’s conviction ordering that the politician be found “not guilty and acquitted.”

Sikhala will however remain in detention as he is on trial on additional charges including incitement to commit violence, and disorderly conduct.

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Unlocking the power of disability inclusion for healthier, sustainable communities – NewsDay

By addressing the needs and rights of persons with disabilities in all their diversities (PWDDs), policymakers in Zimbabwe have a unique opportunity to enhance social and economic transformation while mitigating health, environmental and climate risks.

IN the face of pressing social, health and environmental crises, such as climate change, infrastructure deterioration, and rapid urbanisation, it is essential to recognise the potential of disability inclusion and management as a catalyst for creating healthier and sustainable communities.

By addressing the needs and rights of persons with disabilities in all their diversities (PWDDs), policymakers in Zimbabwe have a unique opportunity to enhance social and economic transformation while mitigating health, environmental and climate risks.

This opinion piece aims to highlight the critical importance of generating evidence-based reports laden with issues that advocate timely and regular improvements in policies and infrastructural development to foster a more inclusive society.

Climate change, crumbling infrastructure, and rapid urbanisation are prevailing phenomena that are presenting significant obstacles to populations, inclusive of PWDDs through increased vulnerability, health risks and inaccessible adaptation measures.

Climate change-related events such as extreme weather events, heatwaves and floods, much as they affect the majority population, they too, disproportionately affect PWDDs, who face challenges in skin infections, evacuations or finding safe shelter.

Climate change has a pronounced impact on the health of PWDDs, particularly those with respiratory diseases or heat sensitivity.

It is associated with a rise in air pollution due to factors like wildfires, increased dust storms and industrial emissions.

This can worsen respiratory conditions among individuals with disabilities, such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease leading to more frequent and severe symptoms.

Heat-related respiratory distress through rising temperatures and heatwaves can trigger respiratory distress or exacerbate pre-existing respiratory conditions.

Further, high heat and humidity can make it more challenging for individuals with respiratory disabilities to breathe, leading to increased discomfort, heat exhaustion or heatstroke, which can have severe health consequences.

Medical experts are increasingly advocating for the implementation of climate-responsive health policies to address the intersection of climate change and public health.

These policies aim to proactively address the health impacts of climate change on vulnerable populations, inclusive of PWDDs.

Integrating climatic considerations into healthcare systems, promoting awareness and implementing preventive measures, these policies can enhance preparedness, reduce health risks and foster resilience in the face of a changing climate.

Experts observe that heat mitigation strategies such as the provision of cooling centres by ensuring access to shade and hydration are important; as they reduce the impact of high temperatures on individuals with heat sensitivity.

Public awareness campaigns can educate PWDDs, their caregivers, and healthcare providers about the specific risks and preventive measures related to respiratory diseases and heat sensitivity.

By recognising and addressing the unique vulnerabilities of PWDDs to climate change, policymakers and healthcare professionals can develop targeted interventions and adaptations.

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) is an international treaty that promotes and protects the rights of persons with disabilities.

It is closely linked to the sustainable development goals as it aligns with the goal of leaving no one behind and achieving inclusive and sustainable development for all.

In view of this international convention, there is need to desist from developing inaccessible adaptation measures by policymakers through developing climate adaptation measures, such as the construction of barriers or relocation efforts, that do not consider the specific needs of PWDDs, leaving them more vulnerable and marginalised.

Zimbabwe’s disability laws and policies have shown progress in promoting the rights of PWDDs. The country has ratified the UNCRPD and enacted the Disabled Persons Act, the disability policy is also available, which recognises the rights of PWDDs.

However, challenges remain, including limited accessibility, inadequate implementation and gaps in social inclusion.

Further efforts are needed to ensure effective implementation and meaningful inclusion and empowerment of PWDDs in all spheres of society, aligning with the goals of SDGs.

The devastating Cyclone Idai of March 2019 serves as a stark reminder of the importance of considering the specific needs and rights of PWDDs in climate adaptation measures.

In the aftermath of the cyclone, it became evident that many of the relief efforts and infrastructure rebuilding initiatives did not adequately address the accessibility requirements of PWDDs.

This oversight left them even more vulnerable and marginalised, facing immense challenges in accessing essential services, emergency shelters and healthcare.

The experiences from Cyclone Idai emphasise the critical need for policymakers to prioritise inclusive planning and ensure that climate adaptation measures are designed to be accessible and inclusive for all, including PWDDs.

Deteriorating infrastructure everywhere, marked by gaping potholes, uncollected and unsightly dumpsites along major roads, broken sidewalks, lack of ramps at public and private institutions and inaccessible public transportation, all hinder the mobility and independence of travelling populations inclusive of PWDDs,

Shifting perceptions: From risk to resource

Disability inclusion requires a significant shift in societal perceptions, moving away from viewing disabilities as solely health or environmental risks. Instead, PWDDs should be recognised as valuable contributors and agents of change.

By embracing their skills, talents, and experiences, we can tap into a vast pool of untapped potential, fostering creativity, innovation and resilience within communities.

Creating accessible infrastructure

One crucial aspect of promoting disability inclusion is the creation of inclusive and accessible infrastructure. This includes accessible transportation, public spaces, buildings and information and communication technologies.

By implementing universal design principles, policymakers can ensure that infrastructure is usable by everyone, regardless of their abilities. This not only benefit PWDDs, but it also improves the overall liveability and functionality of communities.

Employment and economic empowerment

Creating inclusive employment opportunities is vital for economic transformation and social inclusion.

Policies should be enhanced to promote equal access to education, vocational training and job opportunities for PWDDs.

By recognising their skills and providing necessary accommodations, employers can tap into a diverse talent pool, fostering productivity and innovation. This, in turn, contributes to the economic growth and social cohesion of communities.

Health and well-being

Access to quality healthcare services and inclusive health policies are fundamental for the well-being of PWDDs. It is crucial to address barriers to healthcare, such as physical accessibility, communication, and stigma.

Additionally, targeted interventions and awareness campaigns can promote early detection, prevention, and treatment of disabilities, contributing to better health outcomes for PWDDs and the broader community.

Disaster preparedness and climate resilience

In the face of climate change and environmental risks, it is essential to consider the specific needs and rights of PWDDs in disaster preparedness and climate resilience strategies.

This includes accessible evacuation plans, early warning systems, and ensuring that shelters and relief efforts are inclusive.

By prioritising the inclusion of PWDDs in climate action plans, policymakers can build more resilient and adaptive communities.

Education and awareness

Promoting inclusive education and raising awareness about disability rights and inclusion are crucial components of transformative change.

By fostering inclusive educational environments at all levels, policymakers can empower PWDDs with the knowledge and skills to actively participate in society.

Additionally, awareness campaigns can challenge stereotypes, reduce discrimination and foster a culture of inclusivity.


In the face of community social, health and environmental crises, disability inclusion and management hold immense potential for transforming challenges into opportunities.

By reframing and rethinking disability as a resource and embracing the diverse abilities and contributions of PWDDs, Zimbabwe can create healthier and sustainable communities.

Timely improvements in policies and infrastructure, encompassing accessible infrastructure, inclusive employment, healthcare services, climate resilience and education, are vital for realising this vision.

It is imperative for policymakers to prioritise disability inclusion and work collaboratively with stakeholders and PWDDs to create a society where everyone can thrive, regardless of their abilities.

By doing so, Zimbabwe can lead the way towards a more inclusive, equitable and sustainable future.

Tonderayi Matonho is a journalist exploring disability inclusivity, participation, integration and management debate across communities. He can be reached at 263-777 052 658, Email: [email protected].

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