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Zec’s delimitation formula wrong: Analysts – NewsDay


ANALYSTS have blasted the formula used by the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (Zec) to demarcate constituencies and wards, describing it as wrong and unconstitutional.

Speaking recently during a Sapes Trust discussion on the delimitation report, academic Phillian Zamchiya said: “The formula that was used by Zec to delimit constituencies and wards was not only wrong but unconstitutional.  A key principle of Zimbabwe’s electoral system is that it must be based on universal adult suffrage and equality of votes as stipulated in section 155 (1) ( c ) of the Constitution. This is in line with international and regional treaties which state that elections must respect equal suffrage… this was violated.”

He said sections 161(3) and (4) of the Constitution stipulates that constituencies and wards must have equal numbers of registered voters to reinforce the principle of political equality in line with the principle of equal representative democracy.

Zamchiya said section 161 (6) of the Constitution states that no constituency or ward of a local authority may have more than 20% or fewer registered voters than other such constituencies or wards.

“In trying to implement this section, Zec in the first instant correctly divided the total number of voters at the national level by 210 constituencies resulting in a national average of 27 640 voters per constituency. However Zec then wrongfully and unconstitutionally calculated a 20% variance from the national average which resulted in a maximum voter threshold of 33 169, and a minimum of 22 112…this is problematic because the current Zec formula does result in a range of more than 20% which is not permitted by section 161 (6) of the Constitution.”

Human rights lawyer Memory Chidavaenzi said: “Delimitation is directly linked to political rights. We cannot look at it in isolation. When we talk about delimitation, we ultimately talk about the fairness of an election.  If the delimitation processes are not authentic, they affect fairness of elections.”

Zec’s final delimitation report is expected next week after Parliament sent the electoral body back to the drawing board, while President Emmerson Mnangagwa has also submitted his own views on Zec’s preliminary report that kicked up dust across the country.-Follow us on Twitter @NewsDayZimbabwe


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Zimbabwe: President Mnangagwa must reject proposed new law … – Amnesty International

Responding to the Senate’s passing of the Private Voluntary Organization (PVO) Amendment Bill, which now awaits President Emmerson Mnangagwa’s assent to become law, Tigere Chagutah, Amnesty International’s Director for East and Southern Africa, said:

The PVO Amendment Bill in its current form threatens civic society organizations working on human rights in Zimbabwe

Tigere Chagutah, Amnesty International’s Director for East and Southern Africa

“The PVO Amendment Bill in its current form threatens civic society organizations working on human rights in Zimbabwe. The proposed bill, if it becomes law, will have dire consequences, including restricting civic space and access to humanitarian support services in Zimbabwe as it will immediately render all Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), not registered as PVOs, illegal.

“This bill, if passed by the president, could be used to deny registration of human rights organizations due to the work that they do, including defending rights such as freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly. The bill would also exacerbate the growing crackdown on civil society organizations, increase human rights violations and make it more difficult for the people to hold the government to account. There is a risk that employees and board members of NGOs could be arrested and subjected to punitive measures, including imprisonment, simply for doing their work.

President Mnangagwa must use his leadership position to reject this bill as it is repressive

Tigere Chagutah

“President Mnangagwa must use his leadership position to reject this bill as it is repressive. The President must ensure that this bill is never signed into law.

“Any future law must fully reflect international human rights standards and reaffirm the country’s human rights obligations towards the promotion and protection of the human rights of everyone including those who work to defend the rights of other people. NGOs must be allowed to operate freely and to do their work without any reprisals.”


The Senate met on 1 February 2023 and, despite public concerns, passed the Private Voluntary Organization Amendment Bill (H.B. 10A, 2021).

On 5 November 2021, the Zimbabwe government gazetted a Private Voluntary Organization Amendment Bill ostensibly to “counter terrorism and prohibit political lobbying from, non-government organizations”.

An amended bill was then presented in June 2022 which significantly toughened the initial legislation, disregarding civil society’s concerns, and imposed stricter and more repressive clauses, and is the basis of the legislation now passed by the Senate.

The PVO Bill places all civic organizations registered under different laws under one law in an attempt to control civil society organizations perceived to be ‘anti-government.’

The PVO Amendment Bill is not the first attempt by the Zimbabwean authorities to regulate NGOs. The first one was made in 2004 through the ‘Non-Governmental Organization Bill’. It was passed by Parliament but never signed into law by then President, Robert Mugabe.

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Zimbabwe allows miners, exporters to keep more forex from exports –

A woman walks past Anglo American Platinum's Unki mine in Shurugwi

HARARE (Reuters) – Zimbabwe’s central bank on Thursday said it will allow exporters, including miners, to keep 75% of their export earnings in foreign currency after the current cap of 60% drew complaints from the industry.

The new measure, however, falls short of miners’ demands to keep 80% of their export earnings in foreign currency.

The foreign currency-starved southern African country requires all exporters to convert part of their export earnings into local currency at an official exchange rate significantly higher than the widely used black market exchange rate, leading to losses for the businesses.

Some international miners with operations in Zimbabwe include Anglo American Platinum, Impala Platinum , Sibanye Stillwater, Zhejiang Huayou Cobalt, Sinomine Resource Group, Tsingshan Holding Group and Sinosteel Corporation.

“Export retentions have been increased and standardised at 75% across all sectors,” the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ) said in a monetary policy statement on Thursday.

Zimbabwe has significant mineral resources, including gold, platinum group metals, coal and lithium, which has attracted international firms, especially from China. Over the years, the country has struggled to attract significant foreign investment due to concerns over foreign currency rules and policy uncertainty.

In December, Zimbabwe banned raw lithium exports, targeting marauding artisanal miners who were digging up old mines in search of the mineral.

However, the ban triggered fears Zimbabwe could be defaulting to a resource nationalism stance, four years after the government scrapped a law that required local control of all major mines.

(Reporting by Nelson Banya;Editing by Elaine Hardcastle)

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ZIM to launch ZIM Colibri Xpress (ZCX) – a new premium line from … – Hellenic Shipping News Worldwide

ZIM Integrated Shipping Services Ltd. (NYSE: ZIM) announced today the launch of ZIM Colibri Xpress (ZCX) – a new premium line from South America West Coast to US East Coast, commencing on the coming weeks from Chile.

ZCX will operate on the following rotation:

San Antonio (Chile), Callao (Peru), Guayaquil (Ecuador) – Cartagena (Colombia) – Kingston (Jamaica) – Philadelphia – Miami, Kingston (Jamaica)- Buenaventura (Colombia – Guayaquil (Ecuador) – Callao (Peru) – San Antonio (Chile)

ZCX will offer a superior competitive service for refrigerated cargo from Chile, Ecuador, Peru and Colombia, with the fastest transit time to Philadelphia – as a first port of call in the US East coast – and competitive transit time to additional US ports.

ZIM Colibri Xpress (ZCX), operated independently by ZIM, will deploy 6 X 1700 TEU’s vessels on a weekly service with increased capacity for reefers. It will offer excellent connection between the ports of West Coast of South America and the US East Coast with very short transit time between major ports in the region.
ZCX will also enable fast transshipments from US East Coast ports as well as a direct service from Miami in Southern Florida to all Latin America trades.

ZCX will also enable fast transshipments connecting ports in West Coast South America to and from East Coast South America. It will offer transshipment connection from Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean to Philadelphia’s port. In addition, ZCX will enable Outstanding Intra WCSA connectivity offering transit times as short as two days between the main countries in this trade.

Nissim Yochai, EVP, ZIM US President & Head of Latin America Business Unit, stated: “This unique line, named after the famous beautiful South American Colibri bird, is specifically designed for agility, efficiency, and reliability. We intend to bring our agile and creative Z Factor to new destinations, for the benefit of our customers.”
Source: ZIM

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